What is Gender Identity?

What is Gender Identity?

Gender Identity is an individual’s personal sense of their own gender, which may or may not correspond with the sex assigned at birth. It encompasses a spectrum of identities beyond just male and female, including non-binary, genderqueer, and transgender identities.

Key Features of Gender Identity

  • Personal Sense: Reflects an individual’s internal understanding of their gender.
  • Diverse Spectrum: Includes identities such as male, female, non-binary, genderqueer, and more.
  • Expression: May be expressed through clothing, behavior, and personal pronouns.
  • Fluidity: Can be fluid and change over time for some individuals.

How Does Gender Identity Work?

Gender Identity works by aligning an individual’s internal sense of self with their outward expression. This identity is deeply personal and can be influenced by various factors, including cultural, social, and biological elements. Respecting and acknowledging an individual’s gender identity involves using their chosen pronouns and supporting their expression.

Best Practices for Supporting Gender Identity

  • Use Correct Pronouns: Always use an individual’s preferred pronouns.
  • Create Inclusive Environments: Foster environments where all gender identities are respected and valued.
  • Educate and Train: Provide education and training on gender identity and inclusivity.
  • Respect Privacy: Respect the privacy and confidentiality of individuals regarding their gender identity.


Gender identity is about one’s sense of being male, female, or another gender, while sexual orientation refers to whom one is attracted to romantically or sexually.

Yes, for some individuals, gender identity can be fluid and change over time.

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