ITR Filing

ITR Filing Definition

ITR filing refers to the process by which individuals and entities submit their Income Tax Return to the tax authorities. This document reports the taxpayer’s income earnings, deductions, and taxes paid during a specific financial year. It is a crucial aspect of financial compliance, ensuring individuals and businesses are accountable for their income tax obligations.

ITR Filing Key Features

  1. Types of ITR Forms: Depending on the nature of income, different types of ITR forms are available. For instance, salaried individuals, freelancers, and businesses have different forms to accommodate their specific income types.
  2. Digital Submission: Most tax authorities allow or require taxpayers to file their returns electronically, facilitating a more efficient, faster, and secure process.
  3. Tax Deductions and Credits: ITR filing enables taxpayers to claim eligible deductions and credits, reducing their taxable income and, consequently, their tax liability.
  4. Compliance and Documentation: Filing ITR is not just about paying taxes but also serves as an important document for compliance, loan applications, visa procedures, and more.
  5. Deadline and Penalties: There is a specified deadline for filing ITR each financial year. Failure to meet this deadline can result in penalties and interest on the due taxes.

How Does ITR Filing Work?

  1. Gather Necessary Documents: Collect all relevant documents, including TDS certificates, bank statements, proof of investments, and previous tax returns.
  2. Choose the Correct ITR Form: Based on your income type, select the appropriate ITR form as prescribed by the tax authority.
  3. Calculate Taxable Income: Deduct eligible expenses and investments from your gross income to determine your taxable income.
  4. Compute Tax Liability: Apply the current tax rates to your taxable income to calculate your tax liability. Deduct any taxes already paid (TDS or advance tax) to find out the balance tax payable or refund due.
  5. File the Return: Log into the tax authority’s website, fill in the necessary details in the selected ITR form, and submit it online. Physical filing is also an option for certain taxpayers.
  6. Verify the ITR: After submitting, the ITR needs to be verified, either electronically using Aadhaar OTP, EVC, or by sending a signed ITR-V to the tax department within a specified period.


Any individual or entity with income exceeding the basic exemption limit as specified by the tax authority must file an ITR. The criteria may vary depending on age, type of income, and other factors.

Yes, you can file a belated ITR until a certain period after the deadline, but it may attract a late filing penalty.

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