Employee Turnover Ratio

Employee Turnover Ration Definition:

Employee turnover ratio is a metric that measures the rate at which employees leave an organization within a specific period. It is calculated by dividing the number of employees who have left by the average number of employees, often expressed as a percentage.

Key Features of Employee Turnover Ratio:

  1. Measurement Period: Typically calculated on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis.
  2. Voluntary vs. Involuntary Turnover: Differentiates between employees who leave by choice (voluntary) and those who are terminated (involuntary).
  3. Retention Indicator: Serves as an indicator of employee satisfaction, organizational culture, and management effectiveness.

Best Practices for Managing Employee Turnover Ratio:

  • Regular Monitoring: Track turnover rates regularly to identify trends and address potential issues promptly.
  • Employee Engagement: Implement programs to boost employee engagement and satisfaction, reducing voluntary turnover.
  • Exit Interviews: Conduct exit interviews to understand the reasons for turnover and identify areas for improvement.

How Employee Turnover Ratio Works:

To calculate the employee turnover ratio, use the following formula:

Employee Turnover Ratio=(Number of Employees Who LeftAverage Number of Employees)×100\text{Employee Turnover Ratio} = \left( \frac{\text{Number of Employees Who Left}}{\text{Average Number of Employees}} \right) \times 100

For example, if 10 employees left in a year and the average number of employees was 200, the turnover ratio would be 5%.


A good employee turnover ratio varies by industry, but generally, a lower turnover ratio indicates better employee retention. Organizations aim for a turnover ratio that is below the industry average.

Organizations can reduce high turnover by improving work conditions, offering competitive salaries and benefits, providing career development opportunities, and fostering a positive workplace culture.

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