What is Delphi Technique?

Delphi Technique Definition:

The Delphi Technique is a structured communication method used to gather expert opinions and achieve a consensus on a specific topic. It involves multiple rounds of questioning and feedback, allowing experts to refine their views and reach a collective agreement.

Best Practices for Using the Delphi Technique

  • Expert Selection: Carefully select a panel of experts with relevant knowledge and experience.
  • Anonymity: Maintain the anonymity of participants to encourage honest and unbiased feedback.
  • Iterative Process: Conduct multiple rounds of questioning to refine opinions and achieve consensus.

How the Delphi Technique Works

  1. Initial Questionnaire: Experts respond to a set of questions related to the topic.
  2. Feedback: Responses are summarized and shared with the panel for further input.
  3. Subsequent Rounds: The process is repeated, with experts refining their responses based on feedback.
  4. Consensus: The process continues until a consensus is reached.

Key Features of the Delphi Technique

  • Anonymity: Participants remain anonymous to prevent influence or bias.
  • Iterative Rounds: Multiple rounds of questioning to achieve a refined consensus.
  • Expert Opinions: Relies on the knowledge and insights of experts.


Advantages include gathering diverse expert opinions, achieving consensus, and reducing the influence of dominant individuals.

The Delphi Technique is commonly used in fields such as forecasting, policy making, and strategic planning.

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