SOLVE
LATER
Given an array, \(A\), having \(N\) integers \(A_1,A_2,...,A_N\).Two elements of the array \(A_i\) and \(A_j\) are called similar iff \(A_i = A_j+1\) or \(A_j = A_i + 1\) .
Also, the similarity follows transitivity. If \(A_i\) and \(A_j\) are similar and \(A_j\) and \(A_k\) are similar, then \(A_i\) and \(A_k\) are also similar.
Note: \(i\), \(j\), and \(k\) are all distinct.
You need to find number of pairs of indices \((i,j)\) such that \(i<j \) and \(A_i\) is similar to \(A_j\).
Input
The first line contains a single integer \(N\) denoting number of elements in the array.
The second line contains \(N\) space separated integers where \(i^{th}\) elements indicate\(A_i\).
Output
Output the number of pairs of indices \((i,j)\) such that \(i<j \) and \(A_i\) is similar to \(A_j\) in a single line.
Constraints
\( 1 \le N \le 10^6\\ 10^{-9} \le A_i \le 10^9 \)
We have \(6\) possible pairs of indices which contain similar elements.
\((1,6)\) : \(A_1\) and \(A_6\) are similar since \(2 = 1 + 1\).
\((2,6)\) : \(A_2\) and \(A_6\) are similar since \(3= 2+1\).
\((1,2)\) : \(A_1\) and \(A_6\) are similar by transitivity since \((A_1,A_6)\) and \((A_2,A_6 )\) are similar, so \(A_1\) and \(A_2\) are also similar.
\((4,5)\) : \(A_4\) and \(A_5\) are similar since \(8 = 7+1\).
\((5,8)\) : \(A_5\) and \(A_8\) are similar since \(8= 7+1\)
\((4,8)\) : \(A_4\) and \(A_8\) are similar by transitivity since \((A_4,A_5)\), \((A_5,A_8)\) are similar, so \(A_4\) and \(A_8\) are also similar.