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Profits by cars
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Algorithms, Greedy Algorithms

Problem
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You are a car seller. You have \(N\) cars and the profit for each of the cars is given by an array \(P\). The profit of cars are \(P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ ...,\ P_N\). Since you got a huge profit in the last month so you decide to get \((N-1)\) more sets of such cars. You already have one car. Now, you have \(N^2\) cars. Basically, there are \(N\) number of cars of each profit such as \(N\) cars for profit \(P_1\), \(N\) cars of profit \(P_2\), and so on up to \(N\) cars of profit \(P_N\).

You can perform the following operations any number of times:

  • If the last car is sold for profit \(P\), then you can sell a car for profit \(P_c >P \) .

Note: You can select a car of any profit in the first operation as there are no cars that are sold earlier.

Find out the maximum profit that you can make.

For example, \(N=4\) and prices are \(P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ P_4\). Since \(N\) is 4, therefore you can have four sets of cars and the prices are \(P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ P_4,\ P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ P_4 ,\ P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ P_4 ,\ P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ P_4 \) .

See the sample explanation for more details. 

Input format

  • The first line contains a single integer \(T\) denoting the number of test cases.
  • The first line of each test case consists of an integer \(N\).
  • The second line consists of \(N\) space-separated integers \(P_1,\ P_2,\ P_3,\ ...,\ P_N\)

Output format

For each test case, print a single integer denoting the maximum amount of profit that you can make.

Constraints

\(1 \leq T \leq 100\)

\(1\leq N\leq 100000\)

\(1\leq P_i<=1e9 \forall i \in [1,N]\)

Sum of \(N\) over all test cases does not exceed \(100000\)

SAMPLE INPUT
1
3
1 2 3
SAMPLE OUTPUT
6
Explanation

Since N=3 here jetha will have 3 sets of cars so cars he will have are of profit 1,2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3.

He has three choices for the first car so suppose that he sell a car with profit 3 then he can not perform any operation as there is no car with profit greater than 3.Profit he makes is 3.

Suppose he sells a car with profit 2.On next operation he can sell a car for profit 3 as 3 is only available choice.After that he has to terminate.Profit he can make is 2+3=5.

If he sells a car at profit 1 then on next he has two choices {2,3} if he sells the next car at 3.He has to terminate and the profit he makes is 4.While If he sells a car at profit 2 on next day he can make another move and sell the car at price 3 so total profit:1+2+3=6 which is highest he can make.  

Time Limit: 1.0 sec(s) for each input file.
Memory Limit: 256 MB
Source Limit: 1024 KB
Marking Scheme: Marks are awarded when all the testcases pass.
Allowed Languages: Bash, C, C++, C++14, C++17, Clojure, C#, D, Erlang, F#, Go, Groovy, Haskell, Java, Java 8, Java 14, JavaScript(Rhino), JavaScript(Node.js), Julia, Kotlin, Lisp, Lisp (SBCL), Lua, Objective-C, OCaml, Octave, Pascal, Perl, PHP, Python, Python 3, Python 3.8, R(RScript), Racket, Ruby, Rust, Scala, Swift-4.1, Swift, TypeScript, Visual Basic

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This Problem was Asked in

HackerEarth

Challenge Name

July Easy '20

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